Patients who have diabetes often take special medications to control their blood sugar levels.
Their choice depends on many factors, such as other health conditions, so they should be prescribed only by qualified doctors in each separate case.
Some of the most popular drugs taken for treating diabetes include the following:
- Metformin that works by enhancing the sensitivity of specific body tissues to insulin, thus, forcing the human body to produce it more effectively.
- Sulfonylureas that help the body secrete more insulin and include Glucotrol, Glynase and other brands.
- Meglitinides work just like sulfonylureas, because they stimulate the pancreas to produce more insulin, but the main difference is that they act faster.
- Thiazolidinediones make body tissues more sensitive to insulin, too.
- DPP-4 inhibitors help patients decrease their blood sugar levels, but they provide them with a more modest effect without causing any unwanted weight gain.
- GLP-1 receptor agonists slow down digestion while lowering blood sugar levels.
- SGLT-2 inhibitors are quite new, and their use prevents kidneys from reabsorbing sugar in the blood, so it’s excreted in people’s urine.