Brand name: Ativan
Generic name: Lorazepam
Ativan is familiar to those patients who want to treat anxiety. It belongs to a class of meds called benzodiazepines, and it acts on the central nervous system and the brain to provide patients with a calming effect.
This medication works by improving the effects of GABA, and its use is also prescribed to eliminate the symptoms of alcohol withdrawal, for trouble sleeping or insomnia and to prevent vomiting and nausea after chemotherapy.
This medicine must be taken by mouth, either with or without your meals. The right dosage for all patients depends on a set of basic factors, including their response, age, health condition and others.
However, the use of Ativan is associated with certain withdrawal symptoms, especially if people take it in high doses and for a long time.
This risk is increased if they have a history of personality disorders, drug abuse and alcoholism. Some of the most common withdrawal reactions include:
To effectively prevent them, it’s necessary to reduce regular doses of Ativan gradually. This medication is also associated with developing an addiction, and this risk is increased in patients with alcohol and drug abuse.
Ativan also leads to specific mild and moderate side effects, such as the following:
Some rare and serious adverse effects include the following:
Patients always need to call their doctors once they notice any of the above-mentioned dangerous symptoms.
Before patients start using Ativan, it’s necessary to be examined by doctors and share any information about possible allergic reactions and other health problems.
For example, they need to tell physicians if they have glaucoma, kidney and liver diseases, mood and mental disorders, breathing and lung problems, alcohol or drug abuse, etc.
The intake of Ativan can make people feel dizzy and drowsy, so they should be careful when driving a car or doing other things that require attentiveness.
In addition, there are certain medications that should be avoided when using Ativan because they lead to increased side effects and changes in its effectiveness.
This medicine shouldn’t be taken together with kava, muscle relaxants, antihistamines, narcotic pain relievers, pills for anxiety or sleep, psychiatric meds and so on.